6 Peer Responses Due In 16 Hours

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Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’ posts and respond to at least two who do not share your opinion. Provide evidence that supports your argument and point out any unsupported assumptions or problematic logic that may be apparent in their statements. You may ask them to clarify statements with examples. Be sure to respond to any queries or comments posted by your instructor.  

Ciara’s post:

1. Do you feel corporal punishment is an appropriate means of behavior management in schools? Why or why not?

Absolutely not, For the main reason that not every one acts ethically and with love. A teacher could very well issue physical punishment towards a student because she does not like the color of their skin or other reasons. 

1. How does corporal punishment impact a child’s psychological development? Do the ends justify the means?

Corporal punishments messed with the child’s thinking because it makes the child fearful, not willing to make mistakes, and have low-self esteem.  Love is the best teacher with Canter’s Asssertive Discipline model not force. 

1. How does corporal punishment align with any of the management models presented in our text? Be sure to provide reasoning for your response.

I don’t see corporal punishment aligned with any of the management models, because all the models of management differ but what they have in common is nothing physical. All management models is encouraging asking to use humor,  assertiveness, catering to needs etc.  

Canters Assertive Discipline 

Canters Assertive Discipline is the teacher taking the role as a leader in the classroom in an assertive but kind way. The goal is for the teacher to set clear and distinct rules and be sure to follow up with discipline when broken. This is a model that definitely works well and a model that I have tried personally. It is important to lay few not many rules and make sure that they are clearly understood and consequences do follow.  Children tend to appreciate this kind of teaching style, the children tend to feel safe and more comfortable because of the consistency in the classroom. Assertive discipline also consist of showing children that the teacher cares, again this assure cooperations and safety because the students see that the rule are there but that the teacher is also there to Willingly help them. When assertive teaching is done the right way in a calm, pleasant and non stressful manner, this form of teaching is the best in classroom management.



No, I do not feel that corporal punishment is appropriate for schools. I think that corporal punishment is more damaging to the students than anything else. It could possibly make them not want to come back to school, make them scared of their teacher or administrators, and not trust them anymore. There are a lot more issues that come with corporal punishment. I dont think the ends justify the means there are so many other things that can be done instead to corporal punishment. For example you can have them sit out at recess or have detention, or even have to write sentences about what they have done. With younger children taking something away that they were looking forward to usually works better than corporal punishment. 

“Canter's assertive discipline argues against permissiveness and recommends that teachers establish classroom discipline plans that include clear rules, ways of teaching students to follow those rules, and provisions for involving parents in disciplining children.” (LeFrançois, G. R. 2018) I think that children should have discipline I think it helps them grow into law abiding citizens but I do not think it should be corporal punishment. I think it should be something a bit more reasonable. But I think that teaching students to follow rules, get permission to do things, and allowing their parents to be involved in their discipline is a great way to have students who know that there are always consequences for their actions, when they are young and when they become an adult. 

LeFrançois, G. R. (2018). Psychology for teaching (2nd ed.). Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu

Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’ posts and respond to at least two who do not share your opinion of testing. Defend your own opinion with evidence from the videos or from other scholarly resources. Be sure to respond to any queries or comments posted by your instructor. 


· Does testing matter? Are assessment and measurement a valid tool for teaching and learning? Explain and provide your reasoning.

1. Yes I truly believe that testing matters and that assessments are something that needs to take place in a classroom in order to obtain information from the students and to know where they stand with their lessons and how much they retain. Tests allow the student to see where their knowledge is at with everything that they are learning and to see how much they can remember in that amount of time. 

· How are the Common Core State Standards assessment shifts different from high stakes testing? How are they similar? Do you think these assessments will be able to better evaluate student needs? Why or why not?

1. State testing is known to be for a higher criteria in education and is usually to see how much the student has learned over a period amount of time and what the teacher has taught the student in the classroom in order to remember the important subjects that they go over for their future education and grade levels to move on to. They are similar in ways that allow the student to test their knowledge and ability to gain new knowledge everyday that they learn. I feel as if assessments don’t show as much as a test could because I feel as if a test allows more knowledge to be used and put into the work. A test allows you to see where the students sit with the topic of what is given and if they need help to better their understanding of what is going on as well. For example a 

· How important is formative assessment (ongoing) in the new era of Common Core State Standards assessments? Why is the use of formative assessment an important method in diagnosing your students’ needs in order to create effective instruction?

The purpose of formative assessment is to monitor the students learning to provide general feedback that can be used by their teachers to help improve their teaching and the students' learning as well. A formative way of testing that I had experienced as a student was the mock taks testing when we would take benchmarks in different subjects before the actual main test came around in order to be moved to the next grade level and pass.


Of course, testing matters, but the intentions behind it are what is essential. Through assessment, educators should be verifying that their instruction is getting across to the students, and everyone is understanding and learning. At the beginning of a preschool year, I would go through alphabet letters and record how many were recognized by each student. After the end of the instruction period, I would reassess to understand what has changed and how. If there are positive results, I will continue my instruction; if there were no changes, I would change my teaching strategies. I believe the assessment is a very needed and valid tool to help teachers and students a better education.

           Common core state standards require students to think more profoundly, and teachers tend to teach in more complex ways (WeAreTeachers, 2012). It creates a balanced and more organized structure for teaching and learning. This method works for all students, which creates an inclusive learning environment (EngageNY, 2018). High stakes are more directed at the accountability of schools and how effective the teachers are.

           Formative assessment is based on an individual's learning and understanding and can be used during instruction. This is a way of keeping track of students' needs along the way rather than just asking questions at the end of each lesson. It is a more in-depth way of being in tune with each individual learning needs. It is very beneficial to teachers and students to learn to the best of their abilities.


1. EngageNY (2018, March 18). Teacher interviews – Six Common Core shifts professional development(Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)[Video]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/HUhaNUwriOQ

2. (2012, November 14th). How the common core is changing assessment.(Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)[Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6kdyqeoiSI

Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings. Support your initial and subsequent posts by citing at least two scholarly and peer-reviewed sources in addition to the course text. The Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types.


Respective Rurality in Nebraska

The term rurality defines the culture found in small-town America. While many connect the term of a small-town feel with good, wholesome, and family-oriented raising, many cultures will find the sustaining difficult and contribute to stress within their lives. 'The Good Life' is a sign at every entry of the state of Nebraska. While not a specific rural plague of poverty of the United States, such as the Southern Black belt, there is definite segregation in a primarily white region of rural towns and villages.

Two significant groups immigrate into the 'Cornhusker State.' Many immigrants are asylees and refugees from Bhutan who remain in their origination placement – Omaha and Lincoln. The metropolitan urban areas allow the groups a better ideal of assimilation and sustainability. In many other smaller cities such as Grand Island and its surrounding towns, a noticeable Hispanic immigrant population resides nearby, hindering the assimilation and acculturation processes due to scarcity of diversity, social mobility, and resources to accommodate ethnic groups.

Necessity of Disparate Groups in Rurality

According to Martin (2018), more than 430 counties in the U.S. are consistently impoverished; most of these counties fall into rural regions. From desolate areas without public transportation, low-wage jobs offer little opportunity for advancement and no health benefits, a lack of schools and colleges, situational and costly daycare, scarce stores with unhealthier food choices, and fewer options for entertainment, increasing crime and substance abuse in addition to violence. The rural regions pose many problems in intensifying disparity. Social immobility adds to the scarce agencies' availability.

The double-edged sword of outsiders and gossip in tight-knit towns creates a hostile environment (Martin, 2018). Immigrants, migrant workers, and social workers equally face this stigmatic perspective from natives. Hispanic families move into the smaller towns and attempt to assimilate. The most crucial change to meet the Hispanic population's needs is a loss of social and ethnic stigmas that discriminate and socially exclude the Hispanic and Latino communities. Stress over the struggle to and failure of acculturation and reality of social isolation, and its impact is associated with poor self-rated health (Ramos, Su, Lander, & Rivera, 2015).

Human service professionals need to acknowledge the absence and missing of a family in many of these immigrants' home countries. As Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs shows, the relevance and value we look for and find from our family are instrumental in our well-being. The next influence is that of our peers. When ostracized by the community, those immigrating are rejected, retaliated against, and excluded; depression becomes a severe issue adding to the existing immigration isolation attributes since many are already at a loss of family in a distant country.

Making Migration a Success in Rurality

A look respectively at the Latino make up in Nebraska is interesting. As of 2018, 138,953 foreign-born residents lived in Nebraska compared to the 1.8 million U.S. born citizens living in the state. Nebraska consists of 89.4% white U.S. born residents versus 51.5% Latino foreign-born (Migration Policy Institute, 2020).

Hispanic immigration into Nebraska, a rural state of agricultural demographics, is known for fields of corn, soy, and beans. Many Hispanic populations that move permanently to the 'Cornhusker State' find work in the meatpacking plants, including Tyson and J.B.S. While the career seems less desired for status, the position is a higher wage and includes health benefits. Additionally, there is space for advancement to gain skills and raise compensation.

These employees' value is a priority since they process a mass of food supply to the nation. Without the plants for beef, pork, chicken, and processed foods, the nation would enter a famine state. Tyson alone is the world's largest supplier of these goods. The securement in such plants is an optimistic outlook for migrant workers and immigrants compared to constant relocation and low-wage labor of farming or the housekeeping industries found in hospitality.

I was astounded to discover the research for this discussion landed in a study from five counties in Nebraska: Adams, Clay, Hall, Holt, and York. I live in York county and represent the Adams county office as a social worker at D.H.H.S. I often hear unprofessional and derogatory comments regarding the Hispanic and Latin groups from others, in and out of work. Research or personal experience alike clearly illustrates a need for tolerance and acceptance in the state. The value of humankind is in the human, not the kind.


Martin, M. E. (2018). Introduction to human services: Through the eyes of practice settings (4th ed.). Pearson.

Migration Policy Institute. (2020). Nebraska: Demographics & Social. https://www.migrationpolicy.org/data/state-profiles/state/demographics/NE (Links to an external site.)

Ramos, A., Su, D., Lander, L., & Rivera, R. (2015). Stress Factors Contributing to Depression Among Latino Migrant Farmworkers in Nebraska. Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, 17(6), 1627.


Serving Rural Communities

Shortage of human service professionals in communities that are considered rural

There are approximately 430 counties in the United States that experience persistent poverty, and most of these counties are almost entirely rural (Martin, 2018). According to Martin (2018), rural populations tend to have worse health outcomes than those living in urban communities. The lack of human services professionals is not only due to poverty but other factors as well such as geographical isolation, lack of resources, food, single-parent home, lack of transpiration, the stigma of mental illness, and much more. Some of the poorest rural communities are in the south according to Martin (2018). Geographically isolated and economically depressed parts of the Mississippi Delta, the Southern Black Belt, and the Appalachia region rank among the poorest regions in the entire country (Martin, 2018, p. 343).

Select a specific rural community in the United States

A specific rural community I would like to focus on would be the Baptist Town community in Greenwood Mississippi. The Mississippi Delta is known for its serene and beautiful farmland as well as its shameful and violent history of slavery, longstanding racial segregation, and deep and chronic poverty, much of which is rooted in decades of institutionalized racism. Also, Mississippi Delta is considered the poorest area in the nation’s poorest state and is an example of rural depopulation (Martin, 2018, p.343). According to Martin (2018), those who have remained in the Delta are either too poor to leave, have no place to go, or don’t want to leave their families behind.

Determine the needs of this population

The Baptist Town community in Greenwood requires health care services due to poverty. According to Aborkwa et. al. (2010), high costs are the largest barrier to health care in the Delta. U.S. Census data from 2000 points to 28 percent of families in Greenwood living below the poverty level, compared to an average of 9.2 percent nationally. Due to this struggle, many people are not able to keep their appointment and follow up with their health problems. The problem of deep poverty and high costs can be cyclical; without regular checkups, poor health impacts the ability of residents to support their incomes, leaving some less able to afford the doctor’s visits they need (Abrokwa et. al. (2010). Some of the households according to Abrokwa et. al. (2010) earned as little as $7,000 a year and are unable to afford basic preventative health care, like shopping at the farmer’s market in downtown Greenwood instead of the less-expensive Save-A-Lot from which many Baptist Town residents buy their groceries.

What makes their needs different from other or urban community needs

The fact all needs are far away due to geographic isolation makes it difficult for this community to access resources and basic needs. According to Abrokwa et. al. (2010), The neighborhood is curtained off from the rest of Greenwood by a set of railroad tracks and a body of water. Even for those able to finance their health care, lack of transportation is a major barrier to visiting doctors, specialized care centers, pharmacies, and grocery stores.

Discuss what you would need to know to successfully work with rural populations

Mississippi ranked the second-highest in the United States for overall diabetes prevalence. Diabetes contributed to the deaths of 926 Mississippians in 2010. Many more live with life-limiting and life-threatening complications of diabetes (Mississippi State Department of Health, 2011). This significant rise in the number of people affected by diabetes and insufficient healthcare resources makes it progressively necessary to improve education on the prevention of diabetic foot complications (Green-Morris, (2014).  Knowing that there is a medical need I would need to know which population youth or adults, the nearest doctors that are willing to engage with helping this community, establish what medical needs and education are needed. I would need to know any funding opportunities for the community to help implement resources and better access to medical health.

Ask your peers for help finding you additional innovative resources intended to help bridge the gap for rural communities

Colleagues are there any funding opportunities to help this community with medical basic needs. Transportation is another issue, what would be a good resource to help with getting clients to their appointments. Also, Health fairs would be great to implement what type of workshop or ideas can you provide to help my community Baptist Town community in Greenwood Mississippi.


Abrokwa, A., Chan, A., & Ha, M. (2010). Coverage Is Not Enough: Health Care Reform through the Lens of the Mississippi Delta. Harvard Kennedy School Review, 10, 8–11.

Green-Morris, G. (2014). An evaluation of the effectiveness of providing foot care education in a rural clinic setting (Order No. 3584517). Available from ProQuest Central. (1535276504). https://search-proquest-com.proxy-library.ashford.edu/dissertations-theses/evaluation-effectiveness-providing-foot-care/docview/1535276504/se-2?accountid=32521

Martin, M. E. (2018). Introduction to human services: Through the eyes of practice settings (4thed.). Pearson.