CFV Case Study
CFV Case Study
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Group Project 1
CFV is a small company that produces fabric-based wardrobe accessories (such as, handbags, scarves, and headbands) and home accessories (such as placemats, pillows, and window treatments). The company keeps a limited number of popular items in stock, but primarily produces custom orders. Customers are able to choose from a wide selection of styles, sizes, and fabrics for each type of product. Most of the company’s customers are small boutiques, home décor shops, and home-decorators who serve clientele with discerning tastes. As a result, customers expect high-quality products.
The sales staff of CFV has just received the following order:
Customer Order Form
Customer: Katie’s Boutique
Order Date: 10/2
Order Due Date: 10/15
|Description:||Model Number:||Quantity||Unit Sales Price||Total|
|Black & White Handbag||BW14923||7||$75||$525|
Due to its popularity, the Black and White Handbag (BW14293) is normally a stock item. However, the handbag is currently out of stock. Rather than producing only enough units to fill Katie’s order, management would like to produce a job (Job 114) that is large enough to fill Katie’s order and replenish stock. The fabric used for this job can be stacked four layers deep for cutting, while still maintaining the quality and precision of the cut. Therefore, the company is able to realize some economies of scale by producing the handbags in multiples of 4 . Management would like to produce enough units in this job to have a minimum of 30 and a maximum of 35 handbags left in stock after Katie’s order has been filled.
Your primary task is to determine the cost of producing Job 114 so that you can calculate the gross profit on the sale to Katie’s Boutique. As part of this process, you will be required to schedule production, purchase any raw materials that aren’t currently in stock, requisition materials for the job, and complete the job cost record. You will also be asked to consider relevant management and accounting issues and record the transactions related to this job in the company’s accounting records.
The following step-by-step requirements will guide you through the entire job costing process. The documents you will encounter in this case are normally completed electronically rather than manually. In addition, these documents often interface with each other electronically in order to transfer data in real-time, eliminate tedious calculations, and prevent errors. However, the underlying process is the same regardless of whether the company uses electronic or manual documents.
Req. 1: Before the year began, CFV estimated the following costs for the year:
|Type of Cost||Estimated total cost for the year|
|Selling and Administrative salaries and expenses||$210,000|
|Direct Labor (Estimated 40,000 DL hours @ average wage rate of $12 per hour)|
|Indirect plant labor||40,000|
|Purchases of direct materials||1,400,000|
|Lease and property taxes on the plant||120,000|
|Depreciation on production equipment (equipment originally costing $700,000 three year ago is being depreciated over a 5 year useful life using straight-line depreciation. No salvage value is expected.)|
|Indirect materials to be used in the plant||20,000|
First, fill in the missing costs. Then, calculate the company’s predetermined manufacturing overhead rate, assuming the company uses direct labor hours as its allocation base:
Req.2: To realize maximum efficiency and meet management’s desired level of stock, how many Black & White handbags should be produced in Job 114?___________
Req. 3: The production engineers have given you the materials requirements for each Black & White handbag. Assume that no efficiencies in materials can be achieved by producing more than one unit per batch. Complete the Bill of Materials for Job #114 found below. Be sure to include the number of units being produced in the Job as well as the total quantity needed for each direct material.
|BILL OF MATERIALS
|Part Number||Description||Quantity Needed per unit||Total Quantity
|BWFF||Black and White Floral Fabric||1/2 yard|
|BWCheck||Black and White Checkered Fabric||3/4 yard|
|BFringe||Black Fringe Trim||1 yard|
|BStrap||Black shoulder strapping||1 and 3/4 yard|
|PlCan||Plastic Canvas||1/4 sheet|
|Int4||Interfacing: Level 4 sturdiness rating||1/2 yard|
Req. 4: The production engineers have also given you the production labor requirements for each individual bag produced, assuming one bag is produced at a time:
Cutting time: 30 minutes per bag;
Sewing time: 70 minutes per bag;
Ironing time: 8 minutes per bag
Since each bag must be sewn and ironed individually, no sewing and ironing labor efficiencies can be achieved by producing larger batch sizes. Recall, however, that fabric can be stacked for cutting purposes, such that the material for four bags can be cut in the same amount of time it would take to cut one individual bag. Compute the estimated labor time requirement for producing Job 114.
TOTAL hours required for Job 114: _________
Req. 5: Use the estimated labor time requirement to schedule production of Job 114, including the start and end dates. Assume the plant will already be operating at full capacity every day while completing Jobs 111, 112, and 113. Also assume that only 4 direct laborers with the needed skill set will be available for this job. These hourly employees are only allowed to work a maximum of 8 hours per day so that the company can avoid paying overtime premiums.
For the month of October
|Job||Model Number||Stock or Customer||Quantity||Scheduled
|Scheduled End date|
|111||Headbands – HB246||Perreth||200||10/1||10/3|
|112||14 inch pillows- P14||Slothower||30||10/4||10/5|
|114||Black & White BW14923||Katie’s & stock|
Req.6: In addition to the direct materials shown on the Bill of Materials, what indirect materials might be used in the factory while Job 114 is being produced? List at least 2 items
Req. 7: What types of production equipment will be needed for producing Job #114? List at least 5 items.
Req. 8: Consult the Raw Materials records to determine the types and quantities of materials you currently have in stock. Determine which types of materials you need to purchase for Job 114 and how much of each you’ll need. List the materials that need to be purchased, along with the quantity of each needed:
Req. 9: Complete the purchase orders (supplier, date needed, item number, quantity, cost, total, total for the whole order) assuming you are only buying what you need for this job, and no other jobs. Your purchasing agent will need to check with your authorized suppliers (JoAnne Fabrics and Hancack Fabrics) to determine the current sales price of the materials. No shipping is charged on purchases orders over $50. Note: Both suppliers only allow you to order in increments of 5 yards at time, so you may have to buy a little more than what you need. This is not a problem for your company, as it can always use large pieces of leftover material for other jobs. CFV also has a standing contract with Mattel to produce clothing for the Barbie and Ken line of dolls. Thus, small fabric remnants can always be used for the toy clothing line.
Date ordered: 10/3
Date needed by:
|Item Number||Quantity||Cost per yard||Total Cost|
Date ordered: 10/3
Date needed by:
|Item Number||Quantity||Cost per yard||Total Cost|
Briefly explain why you chose to purchase certain materials from each supplier:
Req. 10: Assume shipments of all supplies arrive on 10/9. Your receiving personnel have checked the receipts against the Purchase Order and Invoice, and have noted no discrepancies in the ordered quantities or prices. Since the company keeps perpetual inventory records, update the Raw Materials Records for the materials received and the new balance in stock. Update both the physical quantities and costs. The company uses FIFO (first in, first out) as its inventory flow assumption. If needed, keep track of separate inventory price layers.
Req. 11: Assume for a moment that the Raw Materials Records given to you represent a complete list of the raw materials carried by the company. If you were to look at the Balance Sheet at the close of business on Oct. 9, what balance would be shown for Raw Materials Inventory? (Show the total balance and how you arrived at it.) $__________________
Req. 12: The scheduled start date for the job has arrived. In order to begin production the materials for the job are needed in the plant. Production would like to requisition all needed materials at one time. Complete the Materials Requisition (fill in the date, Job #, and quantity needed) so that the inventory storeroom personnel know the quantities and types of material to pick.
|Part number||Description||Quantity Needed||Unit Cost||Total Cost|
|BWFF||Black and White Floral Fabric|
|BWCheck||Black and White Checkered Fabric
|BFringe||Black Fringe Trim|
|BStrap||Black shoulder strapping|
|Int4||Interfacing: Level 4 rating|
Req. 13: The storeroom personnel correctly pick the direct materials and send them to production. Complete the cost information on the Materials Requisition above, assuming the company uses FIFO as its inventory flow assumption.
Req. 14: Since the company uses a perpetual inventory system, what else would normally be done at this point in time?
If you were to look at the Balance Sheet at the end of the day, what balance would be shown for Raw Materials Inventory? Calculate the total balance and show how you arrived at it. $_______________
Req. 15: Start a Job Cost Record for Job 114. Record the direct materials used by the job by recording the materials requisition number and the total cost of materials requisitioned.
Req. 16: Obtain the Labor Time Records for the week to determine how much direct labor cost to assign to Job 114. Record the direct labor used by the job by recording the labor time record numbers, hours worked, and total DL cost on the job cost record.
Req. 17: Calculate the amount of manufacturing overhead to allocate to Job 114. Show your calculations on the job cost record.
Req. 18: Complete the job cost record. Determine the total job cost as well as the cost of each handbag in the job.
Req. 19: The handbags have been moved out of the factory and into the finished goods warehouse to await shipment. Before the handbags are completed, the job cost records served as a basis for valuing which inventory account on the balance sheet? ______________________________. After the handbags are completed, the job cost records serve as a basis for valuing which inventory account? ____________________
Req. 20: The handbags ordered by Katie’s Boutique are shipped out on 10/14. Update the job cost record. What is the new balance in Finished Goods Inventory for this item? ___________________
Req. 21: Calculate the gross profit on the sale to Katie’s Boutique:
Req. 23: Would the cost of Job 114, as reported on the job cost record, have been different had the company used LIFO or Weighted Average, rather than FIFO, as its inventory flow assumption? Explain.
Req. 24: Would the cost of Job 114, as reported on the job cost record, have been different had the company used “direct labor cost” as the MOH allocation base, rather than “direct labor hours”? Explain.
Req. 26: The budgeted data for the year did not include employment benefits, such as paid time off, company-paid health insurance, or company-sponsored retirement plans. From an accounting standpoint, how should these costs be treated if they relate to selling and administrative personnel? ______________________________ How should they be treated if they relate to plant personnel? ______________________________Through what mechanism(s) might these costs be assigned to jobs if they relate to employees working in the plant?
Req. 27: As a manager, you always need to be thinking about how to decrease costs without sacrificing the quality of your products and services. Generate 3-5 specific ideas this company could possibly implement for decreasing costs on similar jobs in the future. Note: General answers such as “spend less on labor” or “be more efficient” will not count. You must generate specific, realistic and actionable recommendations managers could take to possibly decrease production costs related to similar jobs in the future. Req. 28: Record the following journal entries associated with this case:
1. Record the purchases of raw materials.
2. Record the use of direct materials on Job 114.
3. Record the use of direct labor on Job 114.
4. Record the allocation of manufacturing overhead to Job 114.
5. Record the completion of Job 114 and its movement out of the factory.
6. Record the sale of 7 units from Job 114 to Katie’s Boutique. Use a perpetual system.
7. Record indirect labor which totaled $3,500 for the month.
8. Record the use of indirect materials which totaled $1,500 for the month.
9. Assume the total amount of manufacturing overhead (MOH) incurred during the month was $25,450 and the total amount allocated to jobs during the month was $28,934. Was MOH over or under allocated? __________________________ Record the journal entry to close the MOH account to Cost of Goods Sold.
Some Instruction on Answering Group Project 1
First, you need to use the information given to find the two missing costs (Direct Labor and Depreciation on production equipment).
Then, in order to calculate predetermined manufacturing overhead rate, you need to identify which costs are indirect costs.
You can get some information from the first page of the case and identify the number of handbags produced so that the company can maximize efficiency and meet management’s desired level of stock.
The answer in requirement 2 will be used to complete Bill of Materials.
You should notice some information about cutting time and you should convert from minutes to hours.
You need to identify the number of hours available per day and you will know how many days you need.
You should compare the Bill of Materials in requirement 3 with the Raw Materials Records to see the types and quantity of raw materials that the company needs to order.
In this question, you should (1) identify which materials are available at which supplier and (2) in the case the materials are available at 2 suppliers, you should choose the cheaper one. You should also consider the information “both supplier only allow you to order in increments of 5 yards at time.
You should use the information in Purchase Order in requirement 9 to update Raw Material Records.
You should include all balances from individual raw material records in the calculation of the balance for Raw Materials Inventory as at Oct. 09.
You should you the information from requirement 3 and raw materials records.
You should use the information from Raw materials records to complete Materials Requisition. Please use FIFO as the inventory flow assumption.
Update the “Uses” and “Balances” sections of the Raw materials records.
Then add up all individual raw materials record.
Requirements 15 and 16:
Update Job Cost record
Check requirement 1 for predetermined manufacturing overhead rate and check requirement 16 for actual DLHs.
Update job cost record
You just need to take the difference between sales and COGS to come up with gross profit.