CSUF Aesthetics and Taste & Reading Images as Ideological Subjects Questions

CSUF Aesthetics and Taste & Reading Images as Ideological Subjects Questions

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Study Guide: Aesthetics and Taste pages 60-66

1. Define and compare the two fundamental concept of value of  Viewer’s interpretations are aesthetics  and taste.  What is different about these two concepts of value?

2. How is defiance of status taste a political statement against the classist association of good taste with a high cost?

3. Define the terms Kitsch. How is Kitsch complex in the human memory? How does Kitsch repackage history? How is Kitsch a reflexive parody?

4. How are they repositories about history? How are they recognized as icons of a historical moment? Why are Hierarchies of taste and beauty not fixed and even change according to markets and value?

5. What was American art critic Clement Greenberg talking about in his 1939 essay ” Avante-Garde and Kitsch”? Why did art critic Jonathan Jones say that defining the term “Kitsch is like entering a hall of mirrors?

6. What is Bourdieu’s theory of social structures?

7. In history of high and low culture  what are the distinctions between them? Create your own list of high and low culture .

8.  How is Bourdieu’s model of analysis different from the cultural knowledge referred to as  “cultural capital” of  today? Do you agree or disagree?

9. Why do you think that low and high culture not help us to understand the patterns of minority, immigrant, and counterculture values and distinction?

Reading Images as Ideological Subjects: Pages 74-78

1. What do the authors mean when they state that “our dominant ideologies just look to us like common sense”?

2. What did Karl Marx think and try to understand about “ideology” and the “capitalist-system”?

3. Why did Althusser insist that “ideology cannot be dismissed as a simple distortion of the realities of capitalism”? What was Althusser’s term “ideology” and how was his modification crucial to the study of visual culture?  What did he mean by the term imaginary?  According to the text how was his term disempowering?

4. What were the two central aspects of Gramsci’s definition of hegmony? How does Antonio Gramsci’s term “hegemony and counter hegemony help us to understand how people create and make meaning of images”?

5. How does artist Barbara Kruger’s work function as a “counter hegemonic statement”? Who is the “you” named in her work?  Name who or what is involved complex relationship of image making?