Themes & Theories Of Psyc Week 10 Final Project

Themes & Theories Of Psyc Week 10 Final Project

  • Review the Final Project Rubric, located in the Course Information area, and consider the requirements needed for the Final Project Assignment.
  • Select two psychological theories and consider how they relate to the topic you chose in Week 1 and Week 7.

Write a 5- to 6-page paper (apart from the title page and references) that references at least four scholarly articles and includes at least two unique articles for each theory you selected. Your final project should include the following:

  • A description of both theories you selected and why you think they are appropriate for the topic you chose from the list or that was pre-approved by your Instructor by the end of Week 5
  • A comparison of the theories related to the topic you chose
  • An argument as to which theory provides a better understanding of the topic
  • An explanation of how psychological research grounded in these two theories helped you better understand the characteristics of the topic
  • An examination of cultural aspects that might contribute to that understanding. Themes & Theories Of Psyc Week 10 Final Project

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See Final Project Overview in Week 10 Learning Resources for layout.Note: Support your statements with the scholarly sources you identified using both in-text citations and references. It is strongly recommended that you include proper APA format and citations.

 

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Bowlby’s attachment theory asserts that children are born with a need for connection with at least one primary guardian as the adult supplies “help and reaction” (Guerrero, 2021, paragraph 6). This interjected with the conducted hypothesis of connection demonstrating food as the motivation behind why a tyke connected to a person (Heard, 2018). Bowlby further accentuated that this relationship was shielding for endurance; if this bond were not made by age 5, it would have unique mental and social struggles (Guerrero, 2021).

Gernhardt et al. (2016) performed a research project using imagery from 6-year-olds to assess and measure attachment. It is assumed that kids portray their emotional condition and bliss in pictures; thus, drawing a family photo would give an understanding of attachment ties inside the family (Gernhardt et al., 2016). Several appraisal apparatuses have examined attachment quality in sketches, including the Checklist of Drawing Signs and Global Rating Scales (Gernhardt et al., 2016). As these inventories spread, an inquiry was created if they were pertinent crosswise over cultures. Gernhardt et al.’s (2016) supposition was drawing marks would be distinctive over societies considering the cultural and socialization shaping, so they led an examination to decide if attachment classifications were dependable crosswise over organizations utilizing the two fundamental estimation tools. Representations were gathered from two assorted social and cultural populaces.

Culture A was “western urban middle-class households with formidable educational attainments, parenthood in later years, a small number of children, and nuclear family structures from Berlin, Germany,” and Culture B was “non-western rustic subsistence-agriculture families with scant educational accomplishment, early parenthood, a significant number of children, and lengthy multigenerational homes from NW province of Cameroon” (Gernhardt et al., 2016, p. 1070). In Culture A, socialization focused on independent aims, the growth of an unrestrained child, equal union, and alternating with “close contact” (p. 1070). In Culture B, socialization concentrated on associations, esteem for older adults, authority, and keeping peace with numerous caregivers delivering care with physical contact to soothe the kid. Themes & Theories Of Psyc Week 10 Final Project

The investigation’s findings corroborated the speculation affirming that attachment characterizations varied across the two cultural groups based on drawing symbols (p. 1074). As estimated, Culture A demonstrated safe attachments, whereas Culture B demonstrated dangerous attachments; however, it doesn’t appear reasonable to analyze different societies’ results utilizing a unified device that doesn’t consider this (p. 1074). This raises doubts about the credibility and meaning of safe and unstable attachment across societies (p. 1076).

Cultural A and B have various social and cultural qualities influencing connection, reactions, and identity for childhood. It began with the disparities in disciplining objectives of the mother. These societal and social attributes contrast yet don’t demonstrate one is more favored than the other in this examination.

References

Mooya, H., Sichimba, F., & Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. (2016) Infant–mother and infant–sibling attachment in Zambia. Attachment & Human Development (18)6, 618 – 635.

DOI: 10.1080/14616734.2016.1235216

 

Guerrero, L. K. (2021). Attachment theory: A communication perspective. In Engaging theories in interpersonal communication (pp. 299-313). Routledge.

Heard, D., McCluskey, U., & Lake, B. (2018). Attachment therapy with adolescents and adults: Theory and practice post Bowlby. Routledge.Themes & Theories Of Psyc Week 10 Final Project

 

Students Name: Turissa Keys

University: Walden University

Professor: Carl Valdez, Ph.D.

Course: Themes and Theories of Psychology

Date:

 

 

 

 

 

Cognitive Development Theory:

Contributors

Jean Piaget: Considered the founder of cognitive development theory. His revolutionary studies and remarks concerning youth’s intellectual capacities significantly impacted the evolution of this notion (Klahr & Wallace, 2022).

Lev Vygotsky: Made considerable contributions to the intellectual expansion theory field, emphasizing the part of social and cultural elements in academic advancement.

Nature vs. Nurture

Cognitive development theory emphasizes both nature and nurture. It recognizes the interaction between innate biological factors and environmental influences in shaping cognitive development (Klahr & Wallace, 2022).

Primary Characteristics

Key tenets: Children actively construct knowledge through their experiences and interactions with the environment.

Concepts: Stages of cognitive development (sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational), assimilation and accommodation, object permanence, conservation, and egocentrism (Klahr & Wallace, 2022).

Emphasizes cognitive changes that occur from infancy through adolescence.

Strengths

Provides a comprehensive framework for understanding how children’s thinking evolves.

Highlights the active role of the child in constructing knowledge and the importance of interactions with the environment (Klahr & Wallace, 2022).

Has influenced educational practices and curriculum development.

Weaknesses

The theory’s stage-based approach has been criticized for oversimplifying the complexity of cognitive development.

Some argue that it may not adequately consider cultural variations in cognitive development.

Piaget’s research has faced challenges regarding the age ranges and sequencing of cognitive milestones.

Attachment Theory:

Contributors

John Bowlby: Developed attachment theory based on his observations of the bond between infants and their primary caregivers.

Mary Ainsworth: Conducted the famous “strange situation” experiment, which expanded our understanding of attachment patterns.

Nature vs. Nurture

Attachment theory emphasizes the interaction between nature and nurture. It suggests that biological predispositions interact with early caregiving experiences to shape attachment styles (Johnson, 2019).

Primary Characteristics

Fundamental tenets: Attachment is a biologically driven need for infants to seek proximity and safety from their caregivers.

Concepts: Secure attachment, insecure attachment (avoidant, ambivalent/resistant, disorganized), internal working models, and sensitive caregiving.

Emphasizes the importance of early relationships and their influence on emotional and social development.

Strengths

Provides a valuable framework for understanding the significance of early relationships in human development.

Has practical implications for interventions and treatments to promote healthy attachment relationships (Johnson, 2019).

Weaknesses

Critics argue that the theory may oversimplify complex interactions between infants and caregivers.

Attachment patterns may be influenced by multiple factors beyond the caregiver-child relationship.

 

 

 

 

References

Klahr, D., & Wallace, J. G. (2022). Cognitive development: An information-processing view. Routledge.

Johnson, S. M. (2019). Attachment theory. Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy, 169-177.